Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2002 Aug;18(4):249-56.
Left ventricular outflow tract presystolic flow velocity--another marker of left ventricular diastolic function.
Mittal SR, Pancholi N.
Department of Cardiology, JLN Medical College, Rajasthan, India.
Left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) presystolic flow velocities were studied using pulse doppler echocardiography in 30 normal persons. Thirty patients of mild hypertension with transmitral flow velocity pattern suggestive of impaired relaxation were also studied. Transmitral flow velocity pattern was correlated with LVOT presystolic flow velocities in the two groups. Hypertensive patients had significantly higher transmitral A wave velocity (p < 0.001) and significantly lower transmitral E wave/A wave velocity ratio (p < 0.001) as compared to normal group. LVOT presystolic flow velocities had significant direct correlation with transmitral A wave velocity (p < 0.01) and significant inverse relation with transmitral E wave/A wave velocity ratio (p < 0.05). Our observations suggest that increased LVOT presystolic flow peak velocity can also be used as another marker of impaired left ventricular compliance during atrial contraction. More work is needed to establish exact status of this preliminary observation.
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