Urology. 2006 Oct;68(4):890.e9-890.e10.
Metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder to the heart: Case report and review of the literature.
White WM, Waters WB, Panella TJ, Klein FA.
Division of Urology, University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.
A 79-year-old woman with no previous history of genitourinary disease presented to an outside urologist with gross hematuria and irritative voiding symptoms. Cystoscopy revealed a papillary bladder mass thought initially to represent urothelial carcinoma of the bladder with squamous features. The patient presented to our hospital 6 months later with dyspnea and edema. Computed tomography of the chest revealed a cardiac mass, and endomyocardial biopsy revealed metastatic squamous cell carcinoma. A review of the patient's pathology report confirmed the very rare diagnosis of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder to the heart.
Echocardiography. 2004 Feb;21(2):189-91.
Extension of bronchogenic carcinoma through pulmonary vein into the left atrium detected by echocardiography.
Desai MY, Mankad S.
Department of Cardiology, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15212, USA.
This is the case of a 46-year-old female recently diagnosed with a squamous cell bronchogenic carcinoma that spread through the pulmonary veins into the left atrium. This mass was initially seen on surface echocardiography as emanating from the pulmonary vein and subsequently confirmed to be arising from the right superior pulmonary vein by transesophageal echocardiography.
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